Ladies, listen up. As much as being a woman has brought many blessings, it has also made you more susceptible to oral health problems than men. This is because of the unique hormonal changes you go through at different stages of your life, smilemakers.co.uk explains.
These hormonal changes not only interfere with the blood supply to the gum tissue, but also affect your body’s response to the toxins resulting from plaque buildup. Due to these irregularities, you are more sensitive to the development of periodontal disease and other oral health problems.
Take a look at the four stages of a woman’s life wherein changes in hormone levels make them more prone to dental problems:
During this stage, a surge in production of oestrogen and progesterone increases the blood flow to the gums and alters the way gum tissues react to bacterial plaque. This makes the gums more prone to swelling up and bleeding.
Hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle, particularly the increase in progesterone, can lead to oral changes, such as swollen salivary glands, red and bleeding gums, and canker sores.
An increased level of progesterone during pregnancy can significantly increase the likelihood of forming bacterial plaque. This can lead to gingivitis, called pregnancy gingivitis, which becomes most visible during the second to eight month of pregnancy. This condition will cause your gums to swell up and bleed easily, and regular dental cleaning will be most advisable.
The advanced age, combined with medicines taken to address diseases and hormonal changes resulting from menopause, can open the door to many oral changes. These may include greater sensitivity to hot and cold food and beverages, reduced salivary flow leading to dry mouth, an altered taste, and a burning sensation in the mouth.
Dry mouth can contribute to the development of periodontal disease, because there is no saliva to neutralise acids produced by plaque, thus the mouth cannot be cleansed.
As a woman, you should be all the more vigilant to the growth of gum disease. Fortunately, there is a fairly easy way to prevent it. With regular brushing and flossing, a well-balanced diet, and regular dental checkups, women and men alike can arrest the development of dental problems.